Перевозка негабаритных грузов

Oversized cargoes are objects that are non-standard in size. Oversized cargo transportation is a responsible and rather difficult issue. A departure is considered non-standard, exceeding a length of 20 meters, a height of more than 4 meters and a width of more than 5.55 meters. It is important to say that the mass of a vehicle with a load cannot exceed 38 tons (a slight excess is allowed). Obviously, it is impossible to move it in a closed car or ordinary truck.
Such rules are indicated in the special instructions for the transportation of such facilities on Russian roads. They are agreed with the bodies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, as well as with the Federal Automobile and Road Service.

Such objects, for example, include a tractor, motor boats, agricultural equipment, complex structures for drilling wells and with any non-standard dimensions. All construction equipment is usually transported in this way, so they often resort to the services of carriers. Boilers, turbines, excavators, graders, beams, various cranes fall into this category. Such objects cannot be transported in part or separately. For all indicators, a two-meter load overhang is allowed provided that its length does not exceed 20 meters. Oversized and heavy loads are most often an interconnected category. Accordingly, the procedure for their design is very similar.

It is not easy to choose the right vehicle for transportation. Keep in mind that the weight limit is calculated along with the weight of the truck itself. You need to know the specifics of the region where the vehicle is passing. In addition, it is now necessary to study the legislation of neighboring countries, or at least the EAEU countries. A large amount of cargo moves through the territory of such countries to Russia, or through the territory of the country itself, but crossing other countries (for example, to Kaliningrad).

Oversized cargo transportation in Novorossiysk

In the south of Russia there are many companies specializing in the transportation of oversized cargo to Novorossiysk. This is a large port city with a great historical past, especially related to trade relations. Several dozen ships pass here daily. Transporting goods by sea is quite cost-effective. Almost half of all cargo departs from here by rail. From Novorossiysk, goods go by sea to other countries and river basins. The port of this city lives 24/7, as international transport there is especially popular.

But before delivering a heavyweight to this port, you need to drive hundreds and thousands of kilometers of roads. To do this, use trawls. This is a platform (like a trailer) that attaches to a tractor. Distinguish low-loader (mainly used for high loads), high loader, with rear and front race. High-loader trawls are one of the most expensive to use. They are able to pass through difficult places, oil pipelines. These are trailers with all-terrain tires, which even work in low-temperature conditions. Sliding and telescopic trawls are also distinguished. These are prefabricated mechanisms of a universally type. Long indivisible pipes are transported, and bridge beams are transported that way. The main advantage of this modular trawl is the ability to add side trolleys. Usually, a good and reliable logistics company has a fleet of special vehicles and various trailers, both domestic and foreign.

Правила перевозки негабаритных грузов

Правила перевозки негабаритных грузов такие же, как и во время транспортировки тяжеловеса. Намного легче обратиться к компании, которая оказывает такие услуги для экономии времени. Хотя в любом случае, этот процесс не молниеносный. Нужно запастись терпением и временем, предварительно изучив все нюансы. Для начала важно составить маршрут. Это делается подробно и детально. Затем подаётся заявление в дорожные органы там, откуда планируется начало маршрута. Если это международная перевозка, то заявление надо подавать в Министерство транспорта РФ или его подразделение. Если маршрут пролегает целиком по дорогам объектов РФ, то соответствующий запрос нужно подать в территориальные органы автомобильных дорог. Такой документ должен быть заверен подписью руководителя уполномоченного органа и печатью.

Разрешение выдаётся как на один раз, так и на несколько. Как правило, его срок не превышает три месяца. Перевозчик должен согласовать такую перевозку с органами ГИБДД. Скорость движения учитывается в зависимости от веса груза, его объёма и некоторых других специфических параметров. Любой перевозчик обязан иметь все документы при себе, не допускается транспортировка чего-либо с просроченными разрешениями. На транспортном средстве устанавливаются маячки жёлтого или оранжевого цвета. Органы МВД рекомендуют приобрести специальный знак, стикер для крепления сзади и спереди для того, чтобы остальные участники дорожного движения могли опознать, что перед ними машина с негабаритным грузом.

Перевозка негабаритных грузов автотранспортом

В связи с тем, что дорожная инфраструктура активно развивается, постоянно строятся все больше и больше дорог, мостов, путепроводов перевозка негабаритных грузов автотранспортом стала легче.
При отправке грузов по железной дороге приходится решать и другие сопутствующие проблемы, так как привлечение дополнительных видов техники для того, чтобы разгрузить погрузить товар. Имеются строгие ограничения по габаритам и весу. При автомобильной же перевозке используются современные платформы и подъездные прицепы, что значительно облегчает работу. Несоблюдение перевозчиком правил перевозки влечёт к серьёзным штрафам и иной материальной ответственности.

Есть случаи, когда работники ДПС должны сопровождать машины с негабаритным грузом. Водителю нельзя передвигаться в сложных погодных условиях, снегопаде, сильном граде. Поэтому стоит заранее изучать прогноз погоды на маршруте своего следования. Транспортные сети не резиновые, их пропускная способность лимитирована. Это своеобразный недостаток этого вида транспортировки. Морские перевозки в свою очередь удобны своей пропускной способностью, но сроки доставки не так быстры. Качество дорог иногда оставляет желать лучшего, но как бы то ни было, на сегодняшний день автомобильная транспортировка является наиболее оптимальным вариантом.

Oversized cargo transportation rules

Oversized cargo transportation rules are the same as during heavy weight transportation. It is much easier to turn to a company that provides such services to save time. Although in any case, this process is not lightning fast. It is necessary to stock up on patience and time, having previously studied all the nuances. For starters, it’s important to make a route. This is done in detail and in detail. Then an application is submitted to the road authorities from where the start of the route is planned. If this is international transportation, then the application must be submitted to the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation or its unit. If the route runs entirely along the roads of the objects of the Russian Federation, then the corresponding request must be submitted to the territorial authorities of roads. Such a document must be certified by the signature of the head of the authorized body and the seal.

Permission is issued both once or several times. As a rule, its term does not exceed three months. The carrier must coordinate such transportation with the traffic police. The speed of movement is taken into account depending on the weight of the cargo, its volume and some other specific parameters. Any carrier is required to have all the documents with him, transportation of anything with expired permits is not allowed. Yellow or orange beacons are installed on the vehicle. The Ministry of Internal Affairs recommends buying a special sign, a sticker for fastening at the back and front, so that other road users can recognize that there is an oversized vehicle in front of them.

Oversized cargo transportation by road

Due to the fact that road infrastructure is actively developing, more and more roads, bridges, overpasses are constantly being built, transportation of oversized cargo by road has become easier.
When sending goods by rail, it is necessary to solve other related problems, as the attraction of additional types of equipment in order to unload load goods. There are strict restrictions on dimensions and weight. In road transport, modern platforms and drive trailers are used, which greatly facilitates the work. Non-compliance by the carrier with the rules of carriage entails serious fines and other liability.

There are cases when traffic police officers must accompany vehicles with oversized cargo. The driver must not move in difficult weather conditions, snowfall, strong hail. Therefore, it is worthwhile to study the weather forecast on your route in advance. Transport networks are not rubber, their throughput is limited. This is a peculiar disadvantage of this type of transportation. Sea transport, in turn, is convenient for its capacity, but delivery times are not so fast. The quality of roads sometimes leaves much to be desired, but be that as it may, today road transportation is the most optimal option.